History for the Rest of Us

Theodora – Byzantine Empress or Crazy Woman

Theodora – Byzantine Empress or Crazy Woman

May 9, 2014

Procopius, the principal historian of the 6th century, became disillusioned with the Empress Theodora and her husband Justinian and wrote the following (doubtfully true) story in his Secret History about the Empress Theodora: ‘Often, even in the theatre, in the sight of all the people, she removed her costume and stood nude in their midst, except for a girdle about the groin: not that she was abashed at revealing that, too, to the audience, but because there was a law against appearing altogether naked on the stage, without at least this much of a fig-leaf. Covered thus with a ribbon, she would sink down to the stage floor and recline on her back. Slaves to whom the duty was entrusted would then scatter grains of barley from above…whence geese, trained for the purpose, would next pick the grains one by one with their bills and eat.’ …gives new meaning to the term ‘being goosed’. Of course, the author of the above commentary, Procopius, was also the one who said the following in his Secret History(so his credibility is obviously in question): ‘One man said that the Emperor suddenly rose from his throne and walked about, and indeed he was never wont to remain sitting for long, and immediately Justinian’s head vanished, while the rest of his body seemed to ebb and flow; whereat the beholder stood aghast and fearful, wondering if his eyes were deceiving him. But presently he perceived the vanished head filling out and joining the body again as strangely as it had left...

Theodora, Empress of Byzantium – Summary

Theodora, Empress of Byzantium – Summary

May 5, 2014

When the Nika riots broke out in the hippodrome of Constantinople in January 532, Theodora saved her husband Justinian’s throne. Public buildings were set on fire and Hypatius proclaimed the new emperor. Justinian and his officials were ready to flee, but Theodora convinced them that ‘royal purple is the noblest shroud’. Justinian took courage and (according to Procopius) killed 30,000 rebels in the hippodrome. Together with her husband, Theodora transformed the city into one of the most splendid in the world. She made significant advancements in women’s rights, passing laws prohibiting forced prostitution and closed brothels, and created a convent where ex-prostitutes could support themselves. She expanded women’s rights in divorce, property ownership, rights over children, and forbade killing of a wife who committed adultery. She also instituted the death penalty for rape. ..OR was she a crazy woman?…....