History for the Rest of Us

Caracalla

Caracalla

May 4, 2012

Caracalla ruled Rome from 198 to 211 jointly, and from December 211 to 217 solely. One of the most brutal emperors, he was know for the massacres and persecutions he inflicted throughout the Empire, including the murder of his younger brother Geta. Caracalla was the eldest son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna. Born Lucius Septimius Bassianus on 4 April 188 in Lugdunum, Gaul (Lyon, France) he had his name changed at the age of seven to Marcus Aurelius Septimius Bassianus Antoninus. He was given the nickname Caracalla referring to the Gallic hooded tunic he always wore, and made fashionable. Caracalla had his brother Geta murdered by members of the Praetorian Guard on December 19, 211 A.D. at a reconciliation meeting which had been arranged by his mother. Julia was endeavoring to settle disputes between the brothers over the attempted joint rule of the empire. Geta died in his mother’s arms. One of the major ruin sites in Rome today is the Baths of Caracalla. The original structure was 750 ft. long, 380 ft. wide and approximately 125 ft. high. During its heyday it could hold an estimated 1,600 bathers. Related Stories: Nerva Alaric the Visigoth Ramesses Julius Caesar Attila the Hun Elsewhere on the Web: Yale Courses:Bigger is Better – Baths of...